Atopic dermatitis, often called eczema, is a common disorder of childhood which produces red, itchy, flaky, and occasionally oozing rashes on the elbows and the back of the knees. Less commonly, it can appear on the cheeks, neck, wrists, and ankles.
The condition is commonly found in patients who also have asthma or hay fever and is thought to be passed on genetically.
Eczema is something that can follow a child into adulthood, and it often does. However, there are plenty of at-home and drugstore remedies for this common affliction, including:
- Topical ointments
- Coal tar extract
Contact dermatitis is a rash that is brought on either by contact with a specific chemical that you’re allergic to or with a substance that directly irritates the skin. Some chemicals are both irritants and allergens.
This rash tends to be oozy, inflamed and itchy. It will only affect the parts of the skin which have come in direct contact with the offending substance. Common examples of allergic contact dermatitis are:
- Poison ivy
- Poison oak
- Poison sumac
- Costume jewelry containing nickel
Medicated itch creams or witch hazel are great, inexpensive treatments for contact dermatitis.
This may sound like a rash that’s exclusive to children, but diaper rash is common with adults who wear adult diapers, too. This type of irritant contact dermatitis occurs when feces and urine are in contact with skin for too long.
Some simple solutions to this rash are:
- Airing out the area
- Frequent diaper changes
- Petroleum jelly
- Barrier cream