Buruli ulcer (known as the Bairns dale ulcer, Searls ulcer, or Daintree ulcer is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans, classically infects the skin and subcutaneous tissues.
It releases a toxin known as mycolactone, which decreases immune system function and results in tissue death.
Every year about five to six thousand cases occur and on more than 32 countries. Not only human beings are affected with this disease but animals too.
The flesh eating bacteria is it thought to be transmitted by mosquitoes. The infection can mostly be in the limbs, especially the exposed areas. In children, all areas may be involved, including the face or abdomen.
According to The Courier Mail, the presence of Daintree ulcer in Queenslands has been confirmed by The Cairns and Hinterland Hospital and Health Service.
Dr Christina Steffen,Cairns vascular surgeon, advisef the residents need to be sensitive about the flesh-eating disease.
‘If people are in the garden or out in the bush, they should be wearing insect repellent and avoiding being bitten by things,’ she told the newspaper.’Especially in the garden, they should wear protective clothing as much as they can, and also probably wash their skin after they finish.’ She added.
There are also treatments including a minor operation on cutting out the ulcer and taking antibiotics for eight weeks.